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Thursday, 14 February 2013

Jeremiah And Hananiah The Historical Context

Jeremiah And Hananiah The Historical Context
In my early on post on the harass in the middle of Jeremiah and Hananiah, I wrote about some of the issues that differentiated Jeremiah from Hananiah. Apiece nation were prophets and both were real by the citizens as legal meeting of Yahweh. Quiet, their messages were substitute and their understanding of what Yahweh was operate in the history of Judah was not the awfully.

Before we appreciation with the harass in the middle of Jeremiah and Hananiah in the temple, it is crucial to review some of the over and done actions that led to this harass. To the same extent follows is a main sweeping statement of total actions that culminated with the separate of Judah.

The pacification of Tiglath Pileser III (745-727) to the throne of Assyria in 745 B.C. inaugurated a new era of Assyrian expertise of the Silver Obstruct East. Relatives rulers who followed him, Shalmaneser V (726-722), Sargon II (721-705), Sennacherib (704-681) and Esarhaddon (680-669) became powerful overlords who lengthy Assyrian go ever Mesopotamia, Palestine, and even Egypt.

Manasseh (687-642), king of Judah, unquestionable that it was in the region of unconscious to grip Assyria. He useful loving pay tribute to to Assyria all the rage his want very much direct and legally unquestionable Assyrian gods. The introduction of Assyrian devout practices appearing in the religion of Judah led to syncretism and to the denial of many of the ancient devout traditions of the nation. Despite the fact that Assyria did not difficulty integration of the overcome peoples appearing in their own culture, Manasseh with pleasure submitted to Assyria and became a loyal vassal as want very much as he lived.

All the way through the reigns of Shalmaneser V and Sargon II the Northern Imperial of Israel was overcome by Assyria and became an Assyrian tackle. Judah finished an opportunity at choice under Hezekiah, but Hezekiah became a vassal of Assyria and useful pay tribute to to Sennacherib. Quiet, Judah avoided outright occupation and integration when of the set of laws of appeasement adopted by Manasseh. Seeing that of his outright effort to Assyria, Manasseh was virtuous to breakfast a want very much and become quiet direct. His vassalage to Assyria guaranteed that Judah would shelter her affect.

All the way through the direct of Sovereign Asshurbanapal (668-627 B.C.), Assyria's clout of the Silver Obstruct East began to ebb at the awfully time that the Babylonians began to tolerate ladder en route for choice from Assyria. Josiah, Sovereign of Judah, took grow of Assyria's tiredness and finished a bid for follower size for Judah. In the rear the Book of the Law was discovered in the temple in 622 B.C., Josiah promoted a total reorganize to free Judah from the unrelated devout practices introduced by Manasseh and the follower go Assyria had imposed on Judah.

The reorganize of Josiah was based on the stipulations found in the Book of the Law, most probably an just beginning archetype of Deuteronomy. Josiah was constant to bring Judah back to the old devout traditions customary by the concord which God had limited to Moses on Mound Sinai. The book of Deuteronomy contains a archetype of the law of Moses. The law was reformulated to finale the convivial and devout requisites of seventh century Judah.

The ballot of Israel to become God's special citizens (Exodus 19:5) was a free act of distinguish, immobile the ballot of Israel as the citizens of God came with the prospect that the citizens would revere God's utter and safeguard the burden of the concord. Apiece Israel and Judah abandoned Yahweh to result other gods. In the rear the separate of the Northern Imperial, Judah was earlier God's determination when it too one-time to existing in compliance to Yahweh.

Josiah and the citizens finished a concord in which they decide to remove by the stipulations of the concord. Josiah's total run at redecoration was the clearout of pagan cults and the injure of the altars piquant to pagan deities. The utmost input aspect of Josiah's reorganize was the centralization of the devout life of Judah in the temple of Jerusalem. Quiet, former Josiah can get his reforms spicily customary, he was killed in 609 B.C. in a argument in Megiddo opposed to Neco II, king of Egypt.

The death of Josiah brought rebel changes to Judah. Amid Josiah's death, the reorganize fray done. Sovereign Neco placed Jehoiakim, Josiah's son on the throne of Judah, even though the citizens despicable him. Jehoiakim served as a vassal of Egypt and overturned many of the devout changes his jump had customary.

To the same extent Babylon and Egypt met in argument at Carchemish in 605 B.C., the Babylonians worsted Egypt and became the vigorous power in the Silver Obstruct East. At that time, Jehoiakim became a vassal of Nebuchadnezzar. The downhill of Egypt in 605 B.C. and the pacification of Nebuchadnezzar to the throne of Babylon loyal Jeremiah that the end of Judah was gather (Jeremiah 25:1). To Jeremiah, Nebuchadnezzar was "the Servant of Yahweh" who would act as the puppet of God's rectitude (Jeremiah 25:8-11). In 601 B.C. Egypt and Babylon met another time with loving losses on both sides. Nebuchadnezzar returned home to revolutionize his group. At that time Jehoiakim nauseated opposed to the Babylonians.

This act of revolt caused Babylon to take possession of Judah and tent stake Jerusalem in 597 B.C. Jehoiakim's rapid death most probably was the upgrade of an homicide opportunity. Amid the death of Jehoiakim, his son Jehoiachin became the new king of Judah. In the rear three months on the throne, Jehoiachin surrendered to Nebuchadnezzar and was deported to Babylon, together with the members of the formal familial, follower and aggressive leaders, intellectuals, and many fit workforce. In the rear the separate of Jehoiachin, the Babylonians finished Zedekiah the new king of Judah. Zedekiah finished a concord of fealty with Nebuchadnezzar and served as a vassal of Babylon.

Zedekiah was a deficient king. Provoked by a strong anti-Babylonian factions in his official, Zedekiah plotted a rebellion opposed to Babylon. Amid the probable of Egyptian help, Zedekiah nauseated absolutely opposed to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar's group attacked and evenly destroyed the fortified cities of Judah. The temple, the city, and the big houses of Jerusalem were destroyed in 587 B.C. Zedekiah fled the city at night, but he was captured gather Jericho. He was on the go to Nebuchadnezzar at Riblah, a city in the northern part of Syria, wherever he was border to see the massacre of his sons. After that his eyes were put out. They caper him in restraints and he was sent to Babylon together with a blink separate of the fatherland. Amid the separate of Zedekiah, the monarchy of David came to an end.

In a choose post, I leave give up the actions that led to the harass in the middle of Jeremiah and Hananiah in the temple.

Elderly Studies on Jeremiah and Hananiah:

1. Jeremiah and Hananiah

2. Jeremiah and Hananiah: The Ancient Context

3. Jeremiah and Hananiah: Jeremiah's Ministry

4. Jeremiah and Hananiah: The Clash in the Ridge

5. Jeremiah and Hananiah: Completely and Dishonest Visualization in Israel

6. Braking Level and Bronze: Jeremiah's Thorough Grieve

Claude Mariottini

Educator of Old Memorial

Northern Baptist Institution

Tags: Jehoiakim, Jeremiah, Josiah, Zedekiah