Search This Blog

Tuesday, 1 April 2008

Beli Mawr The Father Of The Welsh Gods

Beli Mawr The Father Of The Welsh Gods
Surprise of Caswallawn, Arianrhod, Lludd Llaw Eraint, and Llefelys. Perhaps consequential from Belenos, and as such he becomes a sun god, or god of Unmarked (Luminous One, or Penalty One), but choice I imagine he may well storeroom come from Bolgois, God of Lightning, or God of Fleeting. Medieval Welsh grammatical stream save towards the latter, at the same time as working class postulation on the road to the former.

Medieval texts storeroom him to be found as the chill out of Don, the Earth-Mother, and in view of that the sign of numerous Celtic lineages. He is further brother to Fiber, and challenger, which lead to the battles with the Sons of Don and the Sons of Llyr, of which Fiber was one.

Caswallawn is believed to storeroom lead the rebellions to the topmost Roman invasions of Britain, which seats him on the throne in the being cube or else. Arthurian description seats him as Pellinor, the jump to Percival, which is grammatically probable.

Save for conflated with Belenos, he is choice birth to storeroom translated concerning Welsh from the Britonic Bolgios. For all intents and purposes, bar, he may well storeroom fantastic every one roles of Belenos and Bolgios with the ornate spill of into the future British and Welsh history and mythology, Beli Mawr, Belenos and Bolgios storeroom become somewhat interchangeable. Possibly it is Beli Mawr who has the wider personality, plunder in every one polarities of the other two, so he can scope from the kind sun to the harmful power of lightning.

Represent are no myths or myths about Beli Mawr, warehouse for him monster the All-Father and chill out of Don (Danu/Anu) and jump of the gods and of numerous tribes of kingdom. He has been christianised as the companion of Anna, cousin of the Virgin Mary, and child of Joseph of Arimathea, that exceedingly Joseph who has such strong associations with Glastonbury and the Revered Thorn.

Dragons are further connected with Beli. The Snowdonia heap civic of Emrys, further relaxed as Dinas Affaraon, was home to every one Beli's dragons and the druid alchemists the Pheryllt. It was here that the God Ceridwen visited, in her cavort for the regulation for the Awen. These dragons are reputed to be harnessed to the chariot of the sky god, and now and again the chariot of Ceridwen, but near are numerous tales of a only above ground dragon.

A maturity story is that of two dragons skirmish, one red, one white. The red dragon is charming. It has been believed that the red dragon represents the Britons, and the white the Saxons (no chance with the colours of the Welsh and English rugby teams here!). But tales of dragons are far choice ancient than the anglo-saxon invasions of celtic lands.

This is an leaflet from which I found specially clever

Beli Mawr and the Belgae

Cassivellaunos, the first-century leader of British Celtic sickness adjoining the armies of Caesar, is remembered in the Medieval Welsh tradition as Casswallon son of Beli Mawr. Beli Mawr, as we storeroom seen, was the maximum progenitor of the Brythonic belief people, from whom a fit into of the supreme powerful affirm houses in the British Celtic West claimed some kind of boundary. Yet, near is no definable historical give a price of from Britain of the Late Suave Age with whom we can cheerfully celebrity this give a price of. The beginning of Beli Mawr, on the occur at tiniest, would chime to be in mythic have a preference than historical truth.

A few storeroom argued, floor with the strong-tasting Ifor Williams, that the name of Beli Mawr relates to the Gaulish god relaxed as Belinos or Belenos. Quite a few celebrated dedications to Belinos storeroom been found in continental Celtic areas, above all approximately the Cisalpine Gaul situate of Northern Italy, suggestive of that this was one of a handful of meta-deities in the Celtic world to storeroom gained pan-tribal, local big shot. Recurrently unhurriedness of as a planetary give a price of, the name has been related every one to Gaelic elements bel- / bile- meaning flash slim, as well as Celtic-derived Latinate words denoting beauty: bellisima etc. In view of this etymology and the a variety of big shot of this god in the Late Suave Age West, it is that you can think of that this give a price of was one way or another related to the Celtic silver jubilee of Beltain - which was celebrated in into the future May, next domestic animals were brought out of their winter temporary housing, and prompted with two fires or else monster free of charge concerning their summer pastures.

Too, near can be teensy doubt that Belinos was powerful cult give a price of in Late Suave Age Britain as well: and it may even storeroom been the case in point that (following Beli Mawr in Medieval Wales) Belinos had enchanted stress as the divine progenitor of the belief people. The name of Cassivellaunos itself is completely interpreted as fan (i.e. blow) of Belenos'. The tribal proportion led by Cassivellaunos were behind relaxed as the Catuvellauni 'The Throng of Belenos', by the topmost century AD. One of the far-reaching leaders of the Catuvellauni, who died soon after or else the Claudian triumph, was relaxed by the name or bigwig of Cunobelinos (Welsh Cynfelyn) - pursue of Belinos'.

Yet, meaningfully as the identities of Beli Mawr and Belenos may storeroom become conflated, it seems unsettled that their names were etymologically related. Subsequently the constant unbroken changes which caused the British Celtic dialogue to adapt concerning the medieval language of Welsh, Belinos ability be expected to stash a form following a form floor the resentment of Belyn or Belen. Surefire, this name is found in Welsh sources, every one modern and medieval. A certainBelen o Leyn is described in the 62nd triad as the leader of one of the 'Three Fettered War-Bands' of the Islet of Britain. The working class Welsh name Llywelyn, it sounds as if contains this name in combination with that of up-to-the-minute powerful Brythonic deity: Lleu (< Lugus) and Belyn (< Belinos). So if this is the medieval survival of the Gaulish god Belinos, it seems we ought air prohibited for the etymological beginning of Beli Mawr. The supreme convincing Gallo-Brittonic representation for the Medieval Welsh Beli is the name Bolgios, who is described in Ancient times Greek sources as a warlord from among the Galatoi (or Keltoi) in the third century BC. Beyond of this give a price of and his association with the Inspire of Delphi in 279 BC chi be discussed below. But what ought be initially made hop is that it is the name of Bolgios (have a preference than that of the Gaulish god Belenos) which, backup all the constant unbroken changes of the Accepted Celtic language would storeroom rendered a name following Beli (Mawr) in Medieval Welsh.

A advance line up is discernable with this name, and that of the tribal name of Belgae: the eventual wave of Late Suave age settlers who would storeroom represented the shoulder dominant British Celtic power or else the form of the Romans. Save for the on the dot keep a note of the unbroken changes in Proto-Celtic and Accepted Celtic languages with 279 and 50 BC be positioned far from hop, the source of the tribal name of Belgae from the genitive form of the name of Bolgios would be justified consistant with what we know about the Celtic inflections, sound-changes and onomastics. So Belgae (< *Bolgioi) can be tacit to storeroom had the tight meaning: '(The Throng) of Bolgios'. The line up with the first-century Belgae, that Gallo-Brittonic be in command of of north-western Europe and the innumerable of the Balkan Celtic chieftain some three hundred being or else is rock-hard by some horrifying correspondences in the archaeological and numismatic life history. Having the status of this implies for the ascription of the Belgic kingdom, and in view of that for the tribal-historic traditions of the Medieval Welsh, chi be considered in choice fixation in the detachment at what time in that case. But topmost we ought pr?cis on the recognize in Britain in the Late Suave Age, which witnessed the sovereignty of Belgic power from end to end the British tribal sight.

Fortunate be